130 years of passenger traffic with Siemens
With more than 130 years of experience with both electric locomotives and passenger transport, Siemens draws on a wealth of expertise in passenger service. Time and again, Siemens has been instrumental in improving passenger transport through innovations. The first electric locomotive – introduced by Siemens in 1879 – was already used for transporting passengers.
1903: First express railcar attains 200km/h
On the test track between Marienfelde and Zossen in Berlin, the experimental railcars built by AEG and Siemens reached speeds of up to 200 km/h. And on October 7, 1903, the 200 km/h barrier was surpassed for the first time. On that day, a Siemens vehicle ran at 206.7 km/h, thus opening up new possibilities for high-speed traffic.
1933: Scheduled high-speed traffic with the “Fliegende Hamburger”
On May 15, 1933, express rail service between Hamburg and Berlin began, with the Fliegende Hamburger (Flying Hamburger) traveling at a maximum speed of 165 km/h. The vehicle’s electrical equipment was supplied by Siemens-Schuckert. Its average cruising speed of 123 km/h was not duplicated until 1997.
1965: 200 km/h with the Deutsche Bundesbahn’s E103
Siemens was instrumental in the construction of the E103 express locomotive. The entire electrical system was developed by Siemens. Able to reach speeds of 200 km/h, these locomotives were the highest rated single-unit locomotives in the world at the time of their commissioning. For years, they were the Deutsche Bundesbahn’s flagship and the symbol of express TEE and Intercity transport.
Beginning in 2000: Eurosprinter for cross-border passenger service
The Taurus locomotives of the ÖBB (Austrian Railways) have, for many years, been highly successful in transporting passengers. The Railjet, the ÖBB’s current showpiece and comprising Siemens Viaggio cars, is pulled by Siemens Eurosprinters and used on the Budapest-Vienna-Munich and Budapest-Vienna-Zurich lines. The locomotives are equipped with the Austrian remote control concept.
2006: A Siemens locomotive achieves a world record of 357 km/h
The world’s fastest locomotive is a Siemens locomotive! On September 2, 2006, an ES64U4 Series locomotive set a new world record of 357 km/h. In contrast to the previous record-breaking runs in France, there was no alteration of the gear ratio or modifications to the overhead contact line. The record was set with a standard locomotive, and none of its components needed replacing afterward.
Beginning in 2007: U4 multisystem locomotive for cross-border passenger service
The ÖBB started using its ES64U4 locomotives for premium cross-border passenger service in 2007. These locomotives service the Vienna-Prague-Dresden and Munich-Innsbruck-Verona lines, as well as the Innsbruck-Brenner-Franzensfeste-Bruneck-Lienz corridor, which traverses part of Italy.
Beginning in 2008: F4 multisystem locomotives used in international passenger service
Our customers also use their ES64F4 locomotives for cross-border passenger traffic. For example, the CityNightLine from Germany to Holland, the Berlin-Warsaw Express, and the Eurocity connections between Germany, Austria, and Italy are all pulled by these locomotives.
Beginning in 2010: U4 multisystem locomotives used in cross-border passenger service
Like the ÖBB, the Polish PKP also uses Intercity locomotives from Siemens for high-end cross-border passenger traffic: ES64U4 multisystem locomotives pull trains between Berlin and Warsaw.